Here are some excerpts from chapter 24 of The Absorbent Mind. These are, as you will see from your reading, the basis of the ideas for the three chapters on error in Montessori Madness. There are a few things that you can note and keep in mind as you go through the material.
- This is a core principle in the system (i.e. a Montessori based system of learning)
- If you think about the system as cyclical this would come very early in any cycle.
- If you can not "get this" then the rest of the steps become incrementally more difficult.
Supposing we study the phenomenon of error in itself; it becomes apparent that everyone makes mistakes. This is one of life's realities, and to admit it is already to have taken a great step forward. If we are to tread the narrow path of truth and keep our hold upon reality, we have to agree that all of us can err; otherwise we should all be perfect. So it is well to cultivate a friendly feeling towards error, to treat it as a companion inseparable from our lives, as something having a purpose, which it truly has.
So we come to a scientific principle which is also a path to perfection. We call it"the control of error." Whatever is done in school, by teachers, children or others, there are bound to be mistakes. So we need this rule as a part of school life: namely, that what matters is not so much correction in itself as that each individual should become aware of his own errors. Each should have a means of checking, so that he can tell if he is right or not.....if--at first--I treated my own mistakes as unimportant, I have now become interested in them.
...., unless I can correct myself, I shall have to seek the help of someone else, who may not know any better than I do. How much better it is if I can recognize my own mistakes, and then correct them! If anything is likely to make the character indecisive, it is the inability to control matters without having to seek advice. This begets a discouraging sense of inferiority and a lack of confidence in one's self.
......what science and practical life both need must surely be accepted from the start as necessary in education.
This is the possibility of "recognizing one's own mistakes." We must provide this as well as instruction and materials on which to work. The power to make progress comes in later measure from having freedom and an assured path along which to go; but to this must also be added some way of knowing if, and when, we have left the path. If this principle is realized, both in school and in daily life, then it does not matter whether teachers and mothers are perfect or not.
From all this awareness of mistakes, there springs up a kind of brotherhood. Errors divide men, but their correction is a means of union. it becomes a matter of general interest to correct errors wherever they may be found. The error itself becomes interesting. It becomes a link, and is certainly a bond of fellowship between human beings. It helps especially to bring harmony between children and adults. To detect some small error in a grown up person does not produce lack of respect in the child or loss of dignity in the grownup. The error becomes impersonal and is then amenable to control.
In this way, small things lead to great. - The Absorbent Mind Chapter 24